Buku ini mengkaji tentang potensi aspal Buton sebagai sumber daya alam yang melimpah di Indonesia, meliputi: peta dan sebaran aspal Buton di Indonesia, data statistik aspal Buton, karakteristik dan potensi aspal Buton, proses ekstraksi, hingga konversi aspal Buton menjadi fraksi bahan bakar. Konversi aspal Buton ini dilakukan melalui proses hidrorengkah dengan berbagai macam material katalis, antara lain: γ-Al2O3, zeolit sintetis, dan zeolit alam. Sintesis dan karakterisasi katalis hingga aplikasinya untuk proses hidrorengkah fraksi aspalten menjadi fraksi bahan bakar juga disajikan secara detail dan sistematis dalam buku ini. Melalui tahap penelitian dan kajian yang mendalam terhadap konversi aspal Buton secara katalitik, pada akhirnya dihasilkan fraksi gas, cair, dan padat yang memiliki karakteristik, seperti: bahan bakar gas, bensin, kerosin, diesel, dan kokas. Upaya diversifikasi aspal Buton sebagai sumber bahan bakar akan sangat bermanfaat bagi pengadaan energi dunia, serta berperan strategis dalam mendukung ketahanan energi nasional Indonesia.
"The Dark Side of Paradise is an effective attempt to put the politics back into Bali's twentieth-century history. With a sure mastery of both Indonesian and Dutch sources, Robinson analyzes the class tensions between aristocrats and commoners during the late colonial period."—Times Literary Supplement"Robinson's work reaches beyond history, amply illustrating the possibilities of what might be termed a 'comparative historical sociology' approach."—Indonesia"Robinson's incisive, well-written work demolishes the fiction of the 'peaceful Balinese' that pervades academic and popular literature, and, for the first time, places modern political history directly into the middle of Balinese scholarship."—Choice"This is a brilliant book that must be read by anybody interested in modern Indonesia."—Journal of the Royal Institute of Linguistics and Anthropology
Now in a concise edition created expressly for students and general readers, this widely hailed study traces the transformation of the tropics in modern times. Exploring the central role of the United States in the ongoing devastation of tropical lands, Richard P. Tucker highlights the unrelenting pressure caused by the demands of U.S. consumerism. The forced domestication of varied natural systems ultimately led to a devastating decline in biodiversity. The author brings his analysis to life with a series of vivid case studies of sugar, bananas, coffee, rubber, beef, and timber—each a virtual empire in itself. All readers who are interested in environmental degradation and its links to the world economy will be enlightened by this nuanced history.
How do politicians win elected office in Indonesia? To find out, research teams fanned out across the country prior to Indonesia’s 2014 legislative election to record campaign events, interview candidates and canvassers, and observe their interactions with voters. They found that at the grassroots political parties are less important than personal campaign teams and vote brokers who reach out to voters through a wide range of networks associated with religion, ethnicity, kinship, micro enterprises, sports clubs and voluntary groups of all sorts. Above all, candidates distribute patronage—cash, goods and other material benefits—to individual voters and to communities. Electoral Dynamics in Indonesia brings to light the scale and complexity of vote buying and the many uncertainties involved in this style of politics, providing an unusually intimate portrait of politics in a patronage-based system.
This book offers insights into important trends and future scenarios in the global tourism and travel industry and analyses current challenges in the aviation and hospitality industry, destination management and general travel behaviour. Well-known notabilities share their points of view. For example, Norbert Walter, chief economist of the Deutsche Bank, writes about the financial crisis and its impact on the tourism industry. Top executives of international operating airlines like C. Karlitekin (Turkish Airlines), J. Hunold (Air Berlin) and E. Sims (Air New Zealand) have much to say about the future of airlines and aviation management. Corporate Social Responsibility is one of the top themes to-be and therefore a focus of this book, offering the perspective of the UN Foundation and the social inclusion concept of RUHR.2010, European Capital of Culture. The articles are based on presentations and panel discussions presented at the world ́s largest tourism congress, the ITB Berlin Convention.
After September 11, Islam became nearly synonymous with fundamentalism in the eyes of Western media and literature. However widely held this view may be, it is at odds with Islam’s rich political history. Renowned Egyptian scholar Nasr Abû Zayd here considers the full breadth of contemporary Muslim writings to examine the diverse political, religious, and cultural views that inform discourse in the Islamic world. Reformation of Islamic Thought explores the writings of intellectuals from Egypt to Iran to Indonesia, probing their efforts to expand Islam beyond traditional and legalistic interpretations. Zayd reveals that many Muslim thinkers advocate culturally enlightened Islam with an emphasis on individual faith. He then investigates the extent of these Muslim reformers’ success in generating an authentic renewal of Islamic ideology, asking if such thinkers have escaped the traditionalist trap of presenting a negative image to the West. A fascinating and highly relevant study for our times, Reformation of Islamic Thought is an essential analysis of Islam’s present and future.
Since the Taliban seized Kabul in 1996, the public has grappled with the relationship between Islamic education and radical Islam. Media reports tend to paint madrasas--religious schools dedicated to Islamic learning--as medieval institutions opposed to all that is Western and as breeding grounds for terrorists. Others have claimed that without reforms, Islam and the West are doomed to a clash of civilizations. Robert Hefner and Muhammad Qasim Zaman bring together eleven internationally renowned scholars to examine the varieties of modern Muslim education and their implications for national and global politics. The contributors provide new insights into Muslim culture and politics in countri...
While Muslims in Indonesia have begun to turn towards a strict adherence to Islam, the reality of the socio-religious environment is much more complicated than a simple shift towards fundamentalism. In this volume, contributors explore the multifaceted role of Islam in Indonesia from a variety of different perspectives, drawing on carefully compiled case studies. Topics covered include religious education, the increasing number of Muslim feminists in Indonesia, the role of Indonesia in the greater Muslim world, social activism and the middle class, and the interaction between Muslim radio and religious identity.
Given the weaknesses of mainstream democratisation since the 1980s, the authors present a cutting edge examination of dynamics of political change in the direction of more substantive democracy. While focusing on the Global South, they also draw comparisons from historical and contemporary experiences from Scandinavia.