Many today do not recognize the word, but "philology" was for centuries nearly synonymous with humanistic intellectual life, encompassing not only the study of Greek and Roman literature and the Bible but also all other studies of language and literature, as well as history, culture, art, and more. In short, philology was the queen of the human sciences. How did it become little more than an archaic word? In Philology, the first history of Western humanistic learning as a connected whole ever published in English, James Turner tells the fascinating, forgotten story of how the study of languages and texts led to the modern humanities and the modern university. The humanities today face a crisis of relevance, if not of meaning and purpose. Understanding their common origins—and what they still share—has never been more urgent.
Introduction: why philology matters / Harry Lonnroth -- Philology and the problem of culture / Helge Jordheim -- Description and reconstruction: an alternative categorization of philological approaches / Maja Backvall -- Intertextuality and the oral continuum: the multidisciplinary challenge to philology / Karl G. Johansson -- Philological virtues in a virtual world / Marita Akhoj Nielsen -- Philology as explanation for historical contexts / Jonas Carlquist -- Romance philology between anachronism and historical truth: on editing medieval vernacular texts / Lino Leonardi -- Levels of granularity: balancing literary and linguistic interests in the editing of medieval texts / Odd Einar Haugen -- The philology of translation / Harry Lonnroth and Nestori Siponkoski -- Translating and rewriting in the Middle Ages: a philological approach / Massimiliano Bampi -- Ludwig Traube and philology / Outi Merisalo
In this expanded version of James Barr's classic work, three additional articles by the author are added. They are (1) "Philology and Exegesis: Some General Remarks, with Illustrations from Job," (2) "Ugaritic and Hebrew sbm?" and (3) "Limitations of Etymology as a Lexicographical Instrument in Biblical Hebrew." The text of the original edition (Oxford University Press, 1968) remains unchanged. In addition to the seventy-five pages of additional material, this expanded version concludes with a postscript by Professor Barr, placing the articles within the context of the book.
This volume deals with medieval comparative Semitic philology (Hebrew/Aramaic/Arabic) as practised by Hebrew philologists in the Arabic speaking lands, from Iraq to Spain, discussing its development through the generations, its technics and its theoretical basis. This research is based upon an analysis of over ten thousand occurrences of comparisons in linguistic works, biblical commentaries and the like, made by fourteen Hebrew scholars from the 10th-12th centuries CE, among them Sa adiah Gaon, Judah b. Quraysh, David b. Abraham Alfasi, Jonah b. Janah and Isaac b. Bar n. Several aspects of this comparisons are presented and studied here for the first time.
Drawing on Nietzsche's prolific early notebooks and correspondence, this book challenges the polarized picture of Nietzsche as a philosopher who abandoned classical philology. By showing how frequently the "later" Nietzsche appears in the early writings, the author hopes to provoke reflection on the adequacy of the developmental logic that has been a controlling factor in Nietzsche's reception.
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
The Politics of Philology offers an insightful assessment of how the work of Alfonso Reyes helped to create the role of the writer as a public intellectual in Latin America. Robert T. Conn reconstructs Reyes's model of intellectual community, tracing its links to the various strands or the nineteenth-century tradition of philology, and arguing that Reyes was influential in forging a sense of unity among the Latin American writers of his generation based on their belonging to a common artistic circle, and on shared notions about the nature or art and its relation to society.